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In a federal set up there is a two tier of Government with well assigned powers and functions.In this system the central government and the governments of the units act within a well defined sphere, co-ordinate and at the same time act independently. Wheare defines federal government as an association of states, which has been formed for certain common purposes, but in which the member states retain a large measure of their original independence.
This question cannot be answered without going into the meaning of federalism and the essential features that are evident in federal state.As such amendments can only be made by the Union Parliament.All India Services such as IAS and IPS have been created which are kept under the control of the Union.The federal polity, in other words, provides a constitutional device for bringing unity in diversity and for the achievement of common national goals. A federal government exists when the powers of the government for a community are divided substantially according to a principle that there is a single independent authority for the whole area in respect of some matters and there are independent regional authorities for other matters, each set of authorities being co-ordinate to and subordinate to the others within its own sphere.The Constitution of India has adopted federal features; though it does not, in fact, claim that it establishes a federation.In Indian constitution the powers of state and centre are clearly defined and there are very clear limits of both the centre and the state for law making powers. The State List consists of 66 subjects of local interest such as Public Health, Police etc.
The Concurrent List has 47 subjects important to both the Union and the State such as Electricity, Trade Union, Economic and Social Planning, etc.The procedure of amending the Constitution in a federal system is normally rigid.Indian Constitution provides that some amendments require a special majority.The supremacy of the constitution means that both, the Union and the State Governments, shall operate within the limits set by the Constitution.And both the union government and the central government derive their powers from the constitution.: The constitution of India is a rigid constitution and this is one of the basic features of federal constitution.In other words, Governor is the agent of the Centre in the States.