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Consequently, repeated immersions in running fresh water secure the contact with the heavenly regions.
The ritual and cultural building, the , is a neutral-looking, large house (without any inscription revealing its nature) in the Mandaean quarter of Ahwaz. Prayers and services, religious instruction, settling of internal Mandaean communal matters, and other community affairs take place in the mandi.In recent years, some Mandaean families have moved outside of “Mandaean territory,” to Tehran, Karaj, and Shiraz.Several of the Mandaean dwelling areas listed in 1880 by the French Vice-Consul M. Siouffi, such as Shahwali (Šāhwali), Dezful, and Kowaybdeh (Siouffi, p. In his days, Siouffi states, the Mandaeans of Shushtar were famous for the high level of their religious knowledge.John” who consider John the Baptist as their prophet and as the renewer of their Adam-derived religion.The Mandaeans must have arrived into Persia from the west (i.e., Jordan, Palestine) as early as the 1st and 2nd centuries CE, although scholars disagree on the exact dates and places of a possibly gradual and segmented emigration of the Mandaeans from West to East.Khorramshahr (Ḵorramšahr, old Moḥammara) and Shushtar (Šuštar), towns that previously held considerable Mandaean populations, no longer do.
After one of the better known massacres of the Mandaeans, that of Shushtar in the late 19th century, the few survivors left the city.Estimates by Mandaeans themselves hover about 10,000.The Mandaeans, whose official designation by their Persian and Iraqi neighbors is “Sabeans” (“dippers,” “dyers,” “baptizers”; see Fahd, p.According to the 15 September 2004 United States Department of State International Religious Freedom Report for Iran, Section 1, the current Mandaean population in Persia comprises between 5,000 and 10,000 persons.The United Nations High Commissioner of Refugees report on Iran (26 August 1997) puts the number at 6,200.During the Iran-Iraq war of 1980-88, Mandaeans moved away from the war-torn towns Khorramshahr and Abadan (Ābādān).