Dating and marriage in elizabethan times
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In the filthy, crowded neighborhoods of the poor, raw sewage (waste matter) ran through the streets. Laborers who came to London from the country frequently failed to find jobs.Homeless, they wandered in search of a way to feed themselves.
Members of the lower classes in England were mainly uneducated, so they did not usually keep journals or written records describing their own lives.
Many people lived in the countryside, but in the sixteenth century the town population grew at a greater rate.
Prior to Elizabethan times, only about 5 percent of the population lived in cities and towns, but during her reign, about 15 percent of the rapidly growing population had become urban.
The sick and elderly relied on the kindness of the lord for survival.
Peasant life was usually fairly stable, but there was almost no chance of escaping the grinding toil from one generation to the next.
England had developed a huge and highly profitable cloth-making industry.
At first the industry relied on imported material to make cloth, but by the sixteenth century English landowners discovered that there was more profit to be made raising sheep for wool than in planting crops.
A deceased person who, due to his or her exceptionally good behavior during life, receives the official blessing of the church and is believed to be capable of interceding with God to protect people on earth.
A military exercise performed for the queen, in which young nobles on horseback armed with lances (long spears) charged at one another in an attempt to throw their opponent from his horse. Another economic change took place in the early sixteenth century.
They farmed the land: about one-third of the land solely for the lord; a portion to support the local church; and the rest for their own use.
Their daily lives were regulated by the seasons, and they tended to work from sunup to sundown, rarely traveling beyond their own village.
When Elizabeth I (1533–1603) became queen there were about 2.8 million people in England.